At Your Medical Clinic appropriate diagnosis of testosterone deficiency is vital to identify patients who might benefit from testosterone replacement therapy. After measuring baseline testosterone levels, not everyone needs replacement therapy. According to the European Association of Urology, the diagnosis of hypogonadism may be a challenge for many practicing physicians, including endocrinologists and urologists. Signs and symptoms, such as sexual dysfunction, change in body composition, lethargy, and mood changes, are nonspecific and the available questionnaires are generally not useful in clinical practice. The diagnosis of testosterone deficiency is ultimately based on measurement of serum testosterone levels. However, marked variations in the reference ranges of serum testosterone levels among laboratories pose a challenge for physicians when interpreting the results. In addition, initial laboratory assessments usually determine total testosterone levels. About 1–2% of total testosterone is free and a further 30–50% is bound with low affinity to albumin; only these two components are bio-available to the target tissues. In general, assuming the normal reference range for serum total testosterone in adult men is 300–1000 ng/dl (10–35 nmol/l), levels of < 250 ng/dl (8.7 nmol/l) suggest the patient is likely to be hypogonadal, whereas levels of > 350 ng/dl (12.7 nmol/l) suggest the symptoms may not be due to androgen deficiency. Values between 250 to 350 ng/dl warrant a repeat morning serum testosterone determination with assessment of free or bio-available testosterone. In men with symptoms suggestive of androgen deficiency and borderline serum testosterone levels, where there are no contraindications to androgen therapy, a short therapeutic trial of testosterone may be justified.

Monitoring YOUR treatment

Our patients under testosterone replacement therapy will be monitored throughout their treatment to assess their response. To assess the patient’s response to treatment, levels of testosterone in blood are usually measured two months after the start of treatment. Levels of luteinising hormone (LH) may also be measured three months after treatment starts, as low levels of LH indicate that the treatment is being effective. If blood tests show that testosterone replacement therapy has failed to adequately increase concentrations of testosterone in the patient’s blood, the doctor will treat other conditions that may contribute to testosterone deficiency. Your Medical Clinic physicians monitor changes, symptoms of testosterone deficiency and side effects of the treatment, starting two months after treatment commences and monthly thereafter.

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